Much has been written of Egypt, so what can I say that you have not already heard or experienced. I can only tell you what is in my heart, and share with you my love for this great land and it's people.

Egypt is filled to the brim with wonders - ancient and modern. Everywhere you turn, the eye is dazzled and your heart captured. No matter how often you visit, there is always something new to see and discover. I can drive down the same street a hundred times and every time I see it with a new eye. I don't know why this is, its just the way things are in Egypt. As you drive through some of the busiest streets of Cairo towards Giza, you are surrounded on all sides by honking, bumper-to-bumper traffic, and as you drive past the numerous fast-food restaurants like McDonalds and Kentucky Fried Chicken, you may even wonder whether you really are in Egypt. Then suddenly - without warning, you see the Pyramids, right before your eyes - and you not only know where you are, you feel it too. It is the contrast between the old and new, and the ease with which Egyptians breach the gap, that I find most amazing. Their ability to be whatever pleases you, to speak the language you understand, to make you feel completely at home, is to me the greatest wonder off all. It is this Egypt I hope you will discover, or may already know - this Egypt....

home to the world

egypt map Arab Republic of Egypt

AREA 386,662 sq mi
POPULATION 62,653,000
CAPITAL Cairo. pop 6,789,469
CURRENCY Egyptian pound (LE)
TIME ZONE GMT +2 (Eastern Standard -7)

(click on the flag to hear the Egyptian Anthem)
Self portrait
Lucille Liu Avakian

What travel documents do I need to enter Egypt as a tourist?
A return or onward airline ticket, passport and visa. Your passport should be valid for 6 months from the date of entry into Egypt. You can purchase your visa prior to, or upon arrival in Egypt. Please contact the Egyptian consulate nearest you for further details. The current fee is $15 for tourist visas issued at Cairo International airport.
Note : this fee may vary depending on nationality
Do I have to pay custom duty on the items I bring with me?
All items of a personal nature are exempt from duty, but electronic equipment, video cameras, laptop computers must be declared and may be listed on a declaration form by a Customs official who will retain the original and give you the copy. Keep this safe with the rest of your travel documents in case you need it when you depart.
Do I bring cash or traveller's cheques?
Which currency is best, and can I use credit cards?
The golden rule wherever you travel, is to carry as little cash with you as possible. Best to bring your money in traveller's cheque or credit cards.
The US dollar is best known and most widely used. Check with your bank for the current exchange rate or refer to the web at:
Visa, Mastercard and American Express cards are accepted at most places, but in some cases amounts to be charged should not be less than LE100. ATM machines are located in the lobby areas of most hotels and banks. Exchange into Egyptian pounds (LE) only enough for day or so, and keep the balance of your traveller's cheques, along with your travel documents and other valuables in a safety deposit box at your hotel.
What would be the best way for an independent traveller to get from the airport to downtown?
The easiest way, hassle-free way is to ask your travel agent to arrange for a local tour operator to meet, assist and transfer you to your hotel. Some major hotels also provide a "meet & greet" service for their guests, but you must book in advance. Or, you can take a taxi. The fare to downtown is usually between LE 30-40. Be prepared to bargain and agree upon a price, before you allow the driver to load your baggage into his taxi. There is also an Airport Express bus service which departs every 20 minutes from terminal 3, with a stop at terminal 1 and then direct to Tahrir Square and terminating at the Pyramids area of Giza, near the Mena House. The price either to downtown or Giza will cost you the grand sum of LE 2 (payable in local currency only). You can change money at the banks inside the arrival terminals.
I want to visit Luxor and Aswan but I cannot afford the airfare. How much will it cost to go by train, and how long does it take?
There are two ways to travel by train, either by the sleeper train operated by Wagon-List which includes your own sleeper compartment, dinner and breakfast for $95 one-way in a double cabin or $145 in single to either Luxor or Aswan. This way seem a bit high, but bear in mind that you save one night's hotel accommodation. A less expensive alternative is first-class seat on the late-night train to Luxor for about $18 and $24 to Aswan. The journey from Cairo takes approx. 9 hours to Luxor and 13 hours to Aswan.
I would like to combine my trip to Egypt with a visit to Israel?
How much does it cost to travel by bus to Tel Aviv or Jerusalem and how long does it take?
The bus service operating between Egypt and Israel crossing the borders at either Taba or Rafah, has since been discontinued until further notice. There is bus service from Cairo to Taba and from there you can cross the border into Israel at Eilat and take a bus from there. Buses depart Cairo three times daily at 8.15am/10.45pm/11.15pm and arrives Taba approx. 7 hours later. A one way ticket costs about $15.
I have heard that the food and water in Egypt can make me sick. Is this true?
It is highly recommended that you drink only bottled/mineral water, hot beverages (such as coffee or tea), canned or bottled carbonated beverages, and beer. Ice is made with tap water and should be avoided. Make sure that all fruit juices are freshly squeezed and not mixed with non-mineral water.
Egyptian food is delicious and by no means bad, but avoid road-side food stalls and remember that it is not what you eat, but how you eat, that will cause you to be sick. If you lie out by the pool in the heat of the sun and drink ice-cold beverages, especially beer, then anything you eat will likely upset you. Egypt boast a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, but it is best to stick with cooked vegetables and eat fruits that you peel yourself. Use your common sense, exercise moderation and you will stay healthy and be happy!
For vaccination information and health hints checkout the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) website - Traveller's health section at:
What is the best way to visit Egypt's touristic sites on my own?
If this is your first visit, it is best to book an organized tour through a local tour operator. This way you are guided through the sites by a professional guide and transportation is included. Most tour guides are multi-lingual, and all of them English-speaking. If you know your way around and don't need a guide, you could rent a taxi or car with driver for the day or for as many hours as you need, and go it alone. It takes a particular finesse or madness (depending on how you look at it) to drive in Egypt, especially in Cairo, so although there are rental car companies in Egypt (Hertz, Avis, Budget, Euro Dollar), we highly recommend you do not drive yourself. For a listing of sight seeing tours click on the "optional tours" button or go to:
More to see n' do
How hot does it get, and what are the best months to visit?
The hottest months are June, July and August when maximum temperatures range between 34C/95F in Cairo and 41C/107F in Luxor and Aswan. Since the climate tends to be dry, especially in Upper Egypt, the heat is more bearable. Evenings are much cooler and very pleasant, which is possibly the reason why nightlife in Egypt is so lively. Weather-wise, the best months to visit is March, April, October and November. Other-wise, any time is a good time.

For a detailed Min/Max temperatures chart of several of Egypt's major travel destination refer to our map
I don't want to offend the locals. Is there any special dress code or guidelines I should follow?
Egypt is predominantly Muslim and therefore a more conservative dress code is observed. This rule does not apply as strictly to visitors, but a certain decorum is expected, especially when visiting religious sites (mosques, churches and monasteries). Shorts and tank-tops should be worn only in resort areas or on your cruise boat, otherwise you would be more comfortable in blue jeans, slacks, polo-type shirts and blouses with sleeves for day, and a little more formal at night. The Egyptians are very fashion conscious, so you will find all the most up-to-date fashions and designer clothes in the numerous boutiques and shopping malls almost everywhere. Egypt's cotton is best in the world and leather goods are also of extremely good quality and a really good buy. So pack light and buy what you need in Egypt.
I'm an Internet junkie. Are there any Internet cafés where I can get my fix?
Lucky for you there are. Internet Egypt operates a number of cafés around Cairo. The most centrally located are listed below. Business Centres at most hotels will also allow you to go on-line, but they tend to be more expensive (approx. LE 30-50 p.hour)
Garden City Café
(Main branch)
2 Simon Bolivar Square
Garden City
Tel: 3562882
Nile Hilton Café Food Court
Nile Hilton Shopping Mall
Tel: 5780666 ext. 758
Mohandissen Café Gamaa el Dowal Street
(Zamalek Club passage)
Tel: 3050493
Cost p.hour: approx. LE 12   Opening hours : 10am to midnight
  (Note: Rates and times are subject to change. Call before you go)
I would like to take my laptop along with me.
Would I need any special connector plugs or jacks to hook my modem to the phone line?
You can purchase an adaptor plug from most hardware stores in Cairo and it will cost you a couple of dollars. But if you would rather not waste your time doing that, then take along a Port Travel Connection Pack which you can purchase at most computer stores in your area, or order on-line from Port Travel Company at:
I live in California. Is the voltage in Egypt the same?
No, all electrical appliances in Egypt run on 220 volts and the outlets are designed for a two-pronged cylindrical plug. So if your travel appliances are not dual voltage, make sure you take along a standard voltage converter and adapter plugs. You may be able to borrow an adapter plug from your hotel (ask housekeeping), but better take one along just in case they don't have any in stock.
Is a tip and baksheeh the same, and when and how much do I tip?
Like everywhere in the world, tipping is customary, and Egypt is no exception. Actually the word "baksheeh" is not an arabic word, and was most probably introduced by the British during their colonial days. The Webster dictionary defines baksheeh as a gratuity or tip. Keep small money ready to give to those whom you consider deserving (LE 1 is considered the minimum tip). Charity is something else, and you will see many who will touch your heart, give as you feel, a little goes a long way in Egypt. At hotels, restaurants and cruise ships, international tipping standards apply.
I've been on several tours to Egypt and I still don't know how much to tip. I feel I either tip too much or too little. What would be considered average?
Your tour may already include tips, so it is best you first check with your travel agent. But usually you would pay not less than LE 5 per bag to the bellman/porter, LE 3 for maid service/housekeeping per night, 12-15% to your waiter if the service charge has not already been added, and if it has, then you may add a little extra, depending on the service you received. LE 20 p.day for your cruise staff, plus something extra for the Cruise Director. for doormen, toilet attendants, and anyone doing you a small service, LE 1 is sufficient. Given a good heart, anything you give will be gratefully received.
I am booked to visit Egypt in May, but my family and friends fear that I may be attacked by terrorists. How safe is Egypt these days?
The last terrorist incident took place in 1997 and since then, the Egyptian government has taken extreme measures to secure all areas where tourists are likely to visit, including all hotels. The Egyptians are the friendliest and most hospitable people and will go out of their way to make you feel at home. This eagerness to please may sometimes be mistaken as self-serving, but most often they are genuine and seek nothing in return. A smile and a thank-you is all the reward they need. Contact your government's Foreign Affairs Department, or if you are in the U.S check the State Department's website at:

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